FACTS: The tolls charged by Autostrade per l'Italia are lower than the average for Italian and European motorway concessions (in countries with toll motorways).
For instance, tolls on Autostrade per l'Italia's network are, on average, around 40% lower than those applied in Spain and around 15% lower than those charged in France.
It is important to note that the final amount charged to road users also reflects levels of taxation (VAT, concession fees, etc.), which are different in the various European countries, and that tolls do not simply depend on the number of kilometres travelled, but also on the geographical nature of the area crossed by the motorway (tolls for motorways on low ground are lower than those for motorways on high ground).
A comparison of certain routes included in Autostrade per l'Italia's network with French motorway routes (as shown at www.autostrade.it and www.autoroutes.fr) clearly shows that tolls on Autostrade per l'Italia's network are far lower, despite the fact that France has a less complex geography than Italy and for this reason construction and operating costs are lower.
In particular, with regard to the comparison presented in the "Dataroom" section of Il Corriere della Sera's website, tolls for the following sections are shown:
- Paris – Lyon (approx. 450 km): €33.30
- Ventimiglia – Bologna (approx. 450 km): €40.50
This is not a like-for-like basis comparison, as the chosen route in France (Paris-Lyon) is a rather "particular" section of French motorway, with "only" 378 km of toll motorway operated by a single company (APRR), out of a total of 452 km, and 73 km of non-toll motorway (the sections between Paris and the Fleury-en-Bière toll station, owned by the State, and between Ville Franche-Limas and Lyon). In addition, the Paris-Lyon section is almost entirely on level ground.
The Ventimiglia-Bologna route is more complex, as it is operated by five motorway operators (including Autostrade per l'Italia that operates 239 km out of the 442 km in total) applying different tolls, and also because around 50% of the route is on mountainous ground, with a higher charge per km.
Moreover, in terms of the Italian motorway sector, as shown in the following charts1 referring to the period 2010-2018, the increase in the toll charged to the users of Autostrade per l'Italia's network (+26.4%) is far lower than the average increase applied by other Italian motorway operators (+43.3%).
In addition, the increase in the toll-related component alone attributable2 to Autostrade per l'Italia (+19.5%), in the same period, was approximately half the average increase at other Italian motorway operators (+37.7%).
1) In terms of the Italian motorway sector, the charts show average amounts (excluding orbital motorways and tunnels subject to tolls) for tolls (€/km) charged for private vehicles (Toll Class A), calculated by weighting the various tolls charged by the different operators to reflect the number of kilometres of motorway operated (low and high ground).
Sources: The network lengths on the basis of which the average tolls were weighted were taken from six-monthly data published by AISCAT. The motorway tolls charged by Italian operators are those determined by the interministerial decrees approving toll increases.
2) The toll-related component attributable to the operator is calculated before the application of VAT – which from 1 October 2013 is charged at a rate of 22% - and the surcharge passed on to ANAS - which from 1 January 2011 amounts to 6 thousands of a euro per km for toll classes A and B and 18 thousands of a euro per km for classes 3, 4 and 5, applied on all toll roads, excluding tunnels.